How can I improve my fertility?

Making some healthy lifestyle changes can increase your chance of becoming pregnant.


No safe limit for smoking. The chemicals in cigarettes damage oocytes and sperm, and can affect a baby’s health. Quitting increases the chance of conceiving, as some of the effects on the oocytes and sperm are reversible. Talk to our team for assistance or check out the Department of Health’s How to quit smoking website:


Heavy drinking increases the time it takes to get pregnant and can affect a developing baby’s health. Heavy drinking can reduce men’s sex drive, affect the quality of sperm and cause impotence. Cessation of drinking whilst trying to conceive and during pregnancy improves your change of having a pregnancy and healthy baby.

Refer to Australian guidelines to reduce health risk from drinking alcohol:

Recreational Drugs

Taking recreational drugs reduces the chance of pregnancy and having a healthy baby. Using cannabis can lower men’s sperm count, reduce libido, decrease fertility and reduce capacity of sperm to fertilise the ooctye. In women, cannabis use can reduce the chance of conception, reduce the number of oocytes retrieved and reduces the chance of healthy pregnancy, associated with implantation failure, spontaneous miscarriage, foetal growth restriction, low birth weight babies and premature birth.

Long-term use of cocaine, heroin and ecstasy can lead to permanent reproductive problems for men and women. Talk to our team for assistance.

Anabolic steroids used for body building or competitive sports causes testes to shrink and stops the production of sperm. It takes two years for sperm to return to normal after stopping steroids.


Some studies have found that women who drink large amounts of caffeine may take longer to become pregnant and have a slightly higher risk of miscarriage and low birth weight. Experts advise limiting caffeine if you are trying to conceive and during pregnancy.

Healthy Weight and Exercise

A healthy weight can increase your chance of pregnancy, and having a healthy baby. Being overweight affects the quality of oocytes and sperm, and can reduce the chance of pregnancy, being under weight can also reduce fertility. Reducing a few kilos can improve the chance of pregnancy this can be achieved by healthy eating and regular exercise. Talk to our team for assistance.